MASHANTUCKET PEQUOT TRIBAL NATION
2 Matts Path, P.O. Box 3060
Mashantucket, Connecticut 06338-3060
Rodney Butler, Chairman
The constitution of the Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation was ratified in 2012 and established a democratic representative government. Legislative and executive powers are vested in the Tribal Council, composed of seven popularly elected council members who serve staggered, three-year terms. The tribe selects individuals to fill the chairman and vice-chairman roles from among the seven council members; the positions of treasurer and secretary are chosen by the councilmembers. The Tribal Council retains full authority over tribal property, finances, and businesses. The Elders Council, which comprises all tribal elders and three elected officers, has authority over tribal membership and serves in an advisory role for the Tribal Council. In 1993 an act of the Tribal Council vested judicial authority in a Trial Court and a Court of Appeals. All judges are appointed by the Tribal Council for three-year terms.
Congressional House Representation:
Joe Courtney, Democrat, District 2, 2018-2020
The Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation owns enterprises in health care, gaming, recreation, retail, and travel and leisure. Tribal enterprises have boosted tourism to southeastern Connecticut and have created considerable growth for the local and state economies.
Pequot Health Care provides comprehensive health plans and prescription health plans to other tribes and employer group insurers. The company provides third-party administrative services and access to over 65,000 pharmacies nationwide.
Phone: (888) 779-6872
Foxwoods Resort Casino is the largest resort casino in the United States and includes five hotels, six casinos, over a dozen restaurants, a spa, a full-scale shopping mall, and extensive recreational and business amenities. The facility reports over 14 million visitors a year.
Phone: (800) 369-9663
Lake of Isles consists of two 18-hole golf courses, a 50,000 square foot clubhouse, and a golf academy located on 900 acres of tribal property. It has received numerous awards and been ranked among the best golf courses in the country.
Phone: (888) 312-2106
The Pequot Indians originate from southeastern Connecticut and originally spoke Mohegan-Pequot, a now extinct Algonquian language. The Pequot people first encountered Europeans in the early seventeenth century with the arrival of the Dutch in present-day New York. In 1637, confusion surrounding a Pequot murder launched the tribe into war against the allied forces of the English, the Narragansett tribe, and the Mohegan Indians. The defeat of the Pequot nation resulted in over 1,500 deaths and the captivity of many Pequot, who were sold into slavery to the allied tribes or in Barbados. By the 1800s, settler encroachment in New England had devastated the Pequot nation, leading to the tribal population dipping to a low of 40 individuals. The diaspora that resulted from the Pequot War and English settler colonialism persisted until the 1970s, when the Pequot began returning to Connecticut and filed suit against the state for illegal sale of their land in the nineteenth century. Within a decade, the Pequot Nation entered into an agreement with state and federal authorities that established a reservation and granted the tribe federal recognition. To commemorate the twentieth anniversary of tribal recognition, the tribe opened the Mashantucket Pequot Museum, which houses exhibits that present over 18,000 years of Indigenous American history.